Current topics

Always up-to-date

Find out about events and company news, browse through our press releases, and learn more about our innovations.

Reifenhäuser Extrusion Technology presents a future concept for a waterless extruder with aerospace engineering technology.

Innovation, Press Releases, Trends

At the 2013 plastics trade fair in Düsseldorf, Reifenhäuser Extrusion Technology will present a concept for a single-screw extruder that no longer requires water for cooling the intake area, but rather works with thermoelectric generators (TEG). The concept is based on the winning idea of the first web-based Open Innovation Competition in the branch, the Extrusioneers Innovation Contest held by the Reifenhäuser Group in 2011.

The winner, Norman Friedrich, proposed to convert the large temperature difference during plastics processing into electrical current with the aid of thermoelectric generators. The phenomenon known as the Seebeck effect enables the conversion and was initially employed in aeronautics for operating space and measuring probes far away from the sun.

Reifenhäuser Extrusion Technology has carried out series of tests on this idea in the last two years. The results have shown that operating temperatures of over 200°C in the ranges of cylinder, tool and piping tempering combined with the low degree of efficiency of the TEGs limit their possible uses for generating electricity in the extrusion (refer to the info box).

During the series of tests, the engineers further developed the original idea and found a more efficient utilisation of the TEGs. Namely, TEGs can function in the other direction: If current is applied to an element, a temperature difference arises – known as the Peltier effect.

Reifenhäuser Extrusion Technology had successfully installed such Peltier elements for cooling and targeted heating of the grooved bush area of a single-screw extruder. By skilfully combining the elements with ventilation blowers, it is possible to completely dispense with the usual water tempering in grooved bush extruders. This saves resources and frees producers from being dependent on water quality. Temperature control via Peltier elements is additionally very precise and also robust.

Although the concept is already functional today and offers clear technical advantages over the current solution, the practical implementation of waterless cooling is still more of a dream than reality. At this time, the comparatively high costs for Peltier elements inhibits the technology from being economically feasible. In the coming years, however, a significant drop in the costs of Peltier elements and further improvement of the degree of efficiency are expected. This is because Peltier elements are increasingly utilized in automotive engineering and CPU cooling. The engineers at Reifenhäuser are anticipating the elements being economic feasible by the year 2020.

At the K 2013 Reifenhäuser Extrusion Technology will present the finished concept within the scope of an extruder future study including further innovative features. The expo will be held from the 16th to the 23rd of October in Düsseldorf.


Limitaitions and chances for the use of thermoelectric generators (TEG) on the extruder

Limitations

Optimum operation of TEGs

At optimum operation TEGs generate a power density of 1W/cm². TEGs operating at optimum require a heat flux density of approx. 15 to 16W/cm² (approx. 6% degree of efficiency). From this thermal power, 6% is converted into electrical power. However, 94% has to be dissipated. If this energy dissipation has to be forced, instead of arising from a natural work environment such as in space or by the air flow over a vehicle, it has to be carefully checked whether the costs of forced cooling are larger than the benefits:

Generation of dissipation power at the extruder

It would be advantageous, if the excess dissipation energy could be used for the operation of TEGs in the ranges of discharge and homogenisation of the extruder. For single-screw extruders dependent on screw geometry, screw speed and polymer properties, one finds:

Taking into account the cylinder surface of commercially available extruders, the currently required optimum power density of 15 W/cm² for energy recovery is 3-10 times larger than what is feasible at this time.

Chances for the use of thermoelectric generators (TEG) on the extruder

Your contact

Careers

Sabine Ludwig

HR Department

+49 2241 23510-169 Sabine.Ludwig@reifenhau...

Press

Wolfgang H. Högemann

Public Relations

+49 2241 23510-768 wolfgang.hoegemann@reif...

Product Request

Reifenhäuser Gruppe Vertrieb
02241 23510-0 info@reifenhauser.com

Purchasing

Einkauf Reifenhäuser Gruppe
+49 2241 23510-0 purchasing@reifenhauser...

Reifenhäuser GmbH & Co. KG
Maschinenfabrik

Milano Office
Via Trentacoste 9
20134 Milano
Italy

P +39 02 2150054

Reifenhauser Incorporated

12260 W 53rd Street North
Maize KS 67101
USA

P +1 316 260-2122
F +1 316 260-8033

Reifenhauser Plastic Machinery (Suzhou) Co. Ltd.

No. 2 Ousheng Road, Zhong Lu Ecological Park, Pingwang Town, Wujiang District, Suzhou
Post Code: 215221
Jiangsu, VR China

P +86 512 65686036
F +86 512 65686031

Reifenhäuser
Private Ltd.

Asian Pacific Headquarter
25 International Business Park
#04-72 German Centre
Singapore 609916

P +65 65628740
F +65 65636136

Reifenhäuser (India)
Marketing Ltd.

229, Udyog Bhavan
Sonawala Road, Goregaon (East)
Mumbai 400 063
India

P +91 22 2686 2711
F +91 22 2686 2722

Reifenhäuser GmbH & Co. KG
Maschinenfabrik

Moscow Office
Pokrovsky Boulevard, 14/6-8
109028 Moscow
Russia

P +7 495 956 75 77
P +7 495 917 54 55
F +7 495 956 47 02

Reifenhäuser GmbH & Co. KG
Maschinenfabrik

Manila Office
Lot 17, Block 56, Francisco Reyes St.
Garden Abelardo Homes, BF Homes
Paranaque City 1718
Manila
Philippines

P +63 24033395

Reifenhäuser Latina S.A.

Miguel Claro 195, Of. 207
Providencia Santiago,
Chile

P +56 2 25847292

Reifenhäuser Private Ltd.

Ho Chi Minh City Office
9th Fl., Maritime Bank Tower
180 - 192 Nguyen Cong Tru
Nguyen Thai Binh Ward Dist.1
Ho Chi Minh City
Vietnam

P +84 8 62879137
F +84 8 62884691

Reiloy Metall GmbH

Istanbul Office
Atakent Mah – 243 Sok,
TEMA Istanbul
6/B Daire 31
34307 – kücükcekmece – Istanbul
Turkey

Reiloy USA

12260 W 53rd Street North
Maize, KS67101
USA

P +1 800 247 1144
P +1 316 721 1144
F +1 316 721 1495

Reifenhäuser Group Reifenhäuser GmbH & Co. KG Maschinenfabrik

Spicher Straße 46
53844 Troisdorf
Deutschland

P +49 2241 23510-0
F +49 2241 23510-790
info@reifenhauser.com

  • Group of companies
Subsidiaries

Contact
Press

Wolfgang H. Högemann

Public Relations

+49 2241 23510-768 wolfgang.hoegemann@reifenh...